Bermuda grass is one of the best choices for a hot, sunny climate.
Benefits of Bermuda Grass
Bermuda germinates quickly and grows vigorously to produce a fine-textured and dense lawn. It’s a resilient, wear-resistant turf and is often planted in golf courses and athletic fields. Bermuda spreads rapidly by surface and underground stolons or runners. It has excellent heat and drought tolerance and goes dormant in the winter, resulting in less maintenance.
Things to Consider
If not edged properly, Bermuda can invade flower beds and gardens. Because it grows so rapidly, Bermuda requires frequent mowing and periodic thatch removal. Bermuda needs full sun and has poor shade tolerance.
Seed beds should be kept moist until germination. Bermuda sod should be watered every day or every two days until fully rooted into the ground. Thereafter, provide one to two inches of water per week.
Bermuda grass should be kept short. Maintain Bermuda grass at ½ inch to 1 ½ inches tall depending on current temperatures and the desired look.
When to Plant
Sow Bermuda seed from mid-May through mid-August. Technically, Bermuda sod can be laid out year-round. At Pike Nurseries, we recommend laying out Bermuda sod from mid-March through November.
How to Plant
Sow Bermuda seed at a planting depth of ¼ inch, using two to three pounds of seed per 1000 square feet. Bermuda seed is very fine, so it is a good idea to mix the seed with sand for a more uniform distribution. Bermuda germinates quickly, usually in seven to ten days. Under the proper conditions, it can become fully established in 60 to 90 days.
Do not combine Bermuda seed and Bermuda sod. Most Bermuda sod varieties are hybrids and do not mix well with the grass from common Bermuda seed, because they have a different appearance and texture.
Bermuda thrives when fertilized. Apply a fertilizer like Pike Premium Lawn Food to Bermuda grass two to three times during the growing season. In April, it will start to come out of its dormant state. When it is about 50% green, apply a slow-release, high nitrogen fertilizer to your lawn. Make a second application about six to eight weeks later or as directed on the bag. A third application in another six weeks may be desired.
To prevent winter weeds like poa annua, apply Pike Crabgrass Preventer to your Bermuda lawn in late September or early October. Apply it again in February to prevent crabgrass and certain other broadleaf weeds. A healthy, well-fed Bermuda lawn rarely has a weed problem. If weeds do develop, apply Pike Weed & Feed in June to control growing weeds.